A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|X|Y|Z

Balloon Valvuloplasty

Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty is a minimally invasive procedure used to open narrowed heart valves.  The procedure is performed with a thin tube (catheter) that has a small deflated balloon at its tip (balloon-tipped catheter).  The catheter is advanced up to the heart and into the opening of the narrowed heart valve. The balloon is inflated to stretch the valve open and relieve the valve obstruction. The procedure is performed in a cardiac catheterization laboratory that has a special x-ray machine and an x-ray monitor.

It is performed on children and adults who have a narrowed heart valve, a condition called stenosis. The goal of the procedure is to improve valve function and blood flow by enlarging the valve opening. It is sometimes used to avoid or delay open heart surgery and valve replacement.

There are four valves in the heart—the aortic valve, pulmonary valve, mitral valve, and tricuspid valve—each at the exit of one of the heart's four chambers. These valves open and close to regulate the blood flow from one chamber to the next and are vital to the efficient functioning of the heart and circulatory system. Narrowing of these valves can be corrected by open heart surgery or at times with balloon valvuloplasty when medical treatment has not corrected or relieved the related problems.

Valvular stenosis can be a congenital defect (develops in the fetus and is present at birth) or can be acquired, that is to stem from other conditions such as rheumatic fever or calcium build up on the valve.   Symptoms of valve stenosis may include heart failure, chest pain (angina), irregular heart beat (arrhythmia), or fainting spells (syncope).

Valvular heart problems are diagnosed by a qualified health care professional after taking a thorough history and performing a physical exam.  If a heart valve problem is suspected further testing is performed by obtaining an electrocardiogram (ECG), ultrasound of the heart (echocardiogram) and if needed cardiac catheterization.

       

Cardiology and Cardiovascular Imaging

     
19 Bradhurst Avenue, Suites 3850 
Hawthorne, NY 10532
Cardiology:
914.909.6900 
Cardiovascular Imaging:
914.909.6925
New Windsor Division
575 Hudson Valley Avenue, Suite 200
New Windsor, NY 12553
845.561.2773 
 
        

Cardiothoracic Surgery

     
Valhalla Division
100 Woods Road 
Valhalla, NY 10595
Phone: 914.493.8793
     
        

Vascular Surgery

     
Westchester Medical Center
100 Woods Road
Valhalla, NY 10595
914.493.7000
   
       
Hawthorne
19 Bradhurst Avenue, Suite 3750
Hawthorne, NY 10532
914.909.6835
Mount Kisco
103 South Bedford Road, Suite 207
Mount Kisco, NY 10549
914.241.3204
 
       
New Windsor Division
575 Hudson Valley Avenue, Suite 200
New Windsor, NY 12553
845.561.2773
White Plains
15 North Broadway
White Plains, NY 10601
914.593.1234
 


To learn more about the services provided by Westchester Heart and Vascular please contact us at:

866-WMC-HEART (866.962.4327).